This component aims to enhance air access to Lumbini by upgrading the Gautam Buddha airport to international standards. This involves
(i) construction of a new runway of 3000m length, exit taxiway, and apron pavement,
(ii) rehabilitation of the existing runway for conversion to parallel taxiway,
(iii) refurbishment and expansion of existing terminal building as a domestic terminal building,
(iv) construction of a new international terminal building: (v) new control tower, customs and cargo building, and crash fire rescue building,
(vi) water supply, sewerage, and drainage improvements and other civil works such as Ghaghara Khola irrigation canal diversion, roads, and security fence,
(vii) expansion of fuel farm; and
(viii) and installation of communication and navigation equipment suitable for international airports.
The airport will be constructed as category 4E in accordance with the guidelines of the International Civil Aviation Organization.